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Disclaimer: This guide is based on my personal knowledge only, and should not be considered as an alternative
for certified Microsoft installation procedures.
The author takes no responsibility for your actions.
This is the first article out of a series of Windows 2000 related tutorials and guides. Check BSRF site for updates.
This tutorial will make your Windows 2000 installation easy, smooth, and almost effortless.
First thing – decide what distribution of Windows 2000 are you going to install:
Microsoft has released (for now) 3 different Windows 2000 releases:
The Microsoft Windows 2000 caries the "Built on NT Technology logo" to symbolize its belonging to the NT technology. It also features a true multi-lingual support making it easy to switch between different language packs. It is meant to:
Windows 2000 keeps the traditional values of all NT systems: Stability, Performance, and Information Security. It features the new NTFS 5.0, which allows high information security values by giving the user the ability to encrypt the file system (EFS), assigning closed and secured space to use VPN, unleashing the Kerberos security system, user quotas, and much more.
Windows 2000 has many built-in capabilities, such as IntelliMirror and the Active Directories. These features allow more efficient business solutions and management.
I’ll mostly focus on the professional release, because it’s meant for home and small business users, while the other
two mostly useful for large organization with major networks.
I assume you already have the installation disk so I’m not going to explain where to get it and how much does it cost. I’ll just note that one can get it free with an MSDN subscription or to buy it in a local computing store.
I’ve been asked this question many times and answer is quite simple – it depends on your needs. Lets reviewthe pros and the cons of a clean installation and an upgrade
So it’s up to you to decide, to upgrade or to perform a clean installation.
To be on the safe side – do a clean installation, but if you’re unable to reinstall your entire software – upgrade.
(Note: Choose the most convenient way to run setup. The first one is both for upgrading and clean installations)
Running Setup 1: Now, after making that important decision, insert the Win2k installation CD into the CD drive,
while in Windows, and start the setup program (it’ll autorun if the feature is enabled on your system, else run
the “setup.exe” file at the CD root directory).
On the first screen, choose whether to Upgrade or to perform a Clean Installation.
Running Setup 2: (for clean installation only)
In case you don’t have previous version of Windows installed, you can boot directly into the setup. First, enable CD-ROM boot in your BIOS (be careful, don’t change anything unless you’re completely sure what you’re doing. Consult the vendor manual), then insert the CD and boot your computer. If your BIOS cannot boot from a CD-ROM drive, you can make boot diskettes with the Boot-Maker program, included on the installation CD (\bootdisk\makeboot.exe).
Installation (basic configuration and copying files)
Follow the setup wizard to perform pre-installation basic configuration.
After a few system diagnostics the setup will begin copying the files.
After the file copying has finished setup will restart the computer and boot to Windows 2000 core for the next stage of the installation. This phase of the installation is in MS-DOS like environment, but it is Windows 2000 Core which performs it.
NTFS is much faster, reliable, and high-performance file system then FAT32 or FAT. I highly recommend choosing to upgrade the drive to NTFS. But, note that in case you have a dual boot system, other operating systems won’t see the NTFS partition, i.e. you won’t be able to access that partition from DOS or from Windows 9x.
This is your personal decision, according to your needs. I can only describe the main components and their purpose.
In case you plan to run your own web, ftp, and/or mail server – install the pack. Another usage to IIS is for
local testing of ASP files, which also require you to install the IIS web server. Anyhow, you can always install
or remove it later, through the control panel.
IIS allows creating multiple sites on one IP address, making it easy creating Intranet sites.
IIS features support for dynamic content, such as ASP, CGI and ISAPI, allowing web developers to include ActiveX components into their web sites. IIS has the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) providing safe data transfer between the client and the server.
Another major feature of IIS 5.0 is its ability to be administared over the web, using the Administration Web Site snap-in.
The indexing service is useful on large hard disks with a good performance. It indexes the files on
the system for faster searching capabilities. It allows searching within files on the hard
disk for specific words.
You can control and manage the Indexing Service through its snap-in console in the MMC. You can check the indexing proccess, choose the directories to be indexed, and configure the service for optimal performance.
The other components are mainly network-related, and unnecessary unless you’re a part of a LAN (Local Area Network).
Like most Microsoft products, Windows 2000 has a user-friendly and simple setup interface. But, some errors might still surface.
-> STOP Errors
In case you get a one-time STOP error (aka BSoD – Blue Screen of Death) just reboot, and setup will resume the installation. But if you keep getting STOP errors, you might have a hardware that is incompatible with Windows 2000. In that case you should consult the HCL - Windows 2000 Hardware Compatibility List (included on installation CD, \support\hcl.txt), and/or download the Microsoft Windows 2000 compatibility check program (on Microsoft’s web site).
Here are some of the most common STOP errors in Windows 2000 and their explanation:
- IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL -
Meaning that the core tried to gain access to a certain memory segment which is at a higher level of an Interupt Request Level (IRL) then allowed. While the proccess only allowed to have access to and IRL level no higher then their own.
Recommendation: This error is probably caused by a faulty driver or a system service. Try using the "Last Good Known Configuration" option in the safe boot menu (F8 on boot).
Note: If the error surfaces while installing Windows, check that all of your drivers are compatible with Windows 2000 (consult the HCL).
- KMODE_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED -
This error is generated when the core can't handle a certain directive.
Recommendation: The error might show you the name of the faulty driver. Try disabling it while booting into Safe Mode.
Note: The situation can sometimes resolved using the Recovery Console.
- NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM -
This error is generated when there is a problem with the Ntfs.sys driver, which is meant to access information on NTFS drives.
Recommendation: Check your IDE/SCSI HD drivers for compatibility, and execute the chkdsk command to verify data consistency.
There are more STOP errors in Windows 2000 then I could review in this article. Consult the Microsoft Knowledge Base on www.microsoft.com.
==========[ That's it for now
=====[ If you have any question mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org